[FIXED] Is there a way to use Java 8 functional interfaces on Android API below 24?

Issue

I can use retrolambda to enable lambdas with Android API level <24.
So this works

myButton.setOnClickListener(view -> Timber.d("Lambdas work!"));

This also works

Runnable runLater = () -> Timber.d("Lambdas work!");
runLater.run();

But this one does not

Consumer<Integer> runLaterWithInt = (Integer i) -> Timber.d("i = " + i);
runLaterWithInt.accept(3);

The last one works on Android API Level 24, but on other devices this code causes a crash

java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: com.retrolambdatry.MainActivity$$Lambda$1

Instead of using retrolambda I tried to enable Java 8. First two code examples still work, although butterknife stopped working. https://developer.android.com/preview/j8-jack.html#configuration here ava.util.function is said to be supported, but I still get a crash when running the third one, this time it is a little different

java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: com.retrolambdatry.MainActivity$-void_onCreate_android_os_Bundle_savedInstanceState_LambdaImpl1

Solution

Not sure if you still need an answer to this question, but others (like myself) might.

As version 3.0, Android Studio natively supports lambda functions and many other Java 8 functions on all API levels, but some (like Functional Interfaces and java.util.function) are still restricted to APIs 24+.

Until that support is expanded, android-retrostreams provides backport support for most of it. This project is an ‘upgraded port’ of the streamsupport library, which you can also use and has many of the functionalities in android-retrostreams. The streamsupport library supports down to Java 6/7, so you can use it even if you don’t have AS 3.0+ or aren’t targeting Java 8, but you’re probably better off using android-retrostreams in most cases, if you can. You can go through the project’s javadocs to see exactly what’s offered, but highlights that I’ve used are java.util.function and java.util.Comparator.

Note that java in the package names is replaced with java9, and some of the class and/or method names may have been changed slightly. For example:

java.util.function becomes java9.util.function,

while

java.util.Comparator becomes java9.util.Comparators (and with slightly different method names and call patterns – but the same functionality).

Answered By – VerumCH

Answer Checked By – Dawn Plyler (Easybugfix Volunteer)

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